Ayurvet, an organization which has innovation encrypted in its genes, floating in the protoplasmic fluid of knowledge, sieved through the tools of science and technology has propounded the concept of Integrating Livestock and Agriculture, using the available resources under Ayurvet 5Fs Programme. This programme defines sustainable integration of Food, Feed, Fodder, Fertilizer and Fuel for the benefit of all stake holders. Considering the same, a two days Ayurvet Knowledge Symposium was organized in collaboration with Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (RAJUVAS) on 8-9 October 2014 in New Delhi. First day, the symposium was organized at PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry on the theme Integrating Agriculture and Livestock for Sustainability; Hazards of Drugs and Chemical Residues on Food Safety while the second days’ theme was Integrating Agriculture and Livestock for Sustainability; Challenges of Climate Change and it was organized at A. P. Shinde Auditorium, National Agricultural Science Centre Complex (NASC Complex), New Delhi.
The symposium was attended by more than 350 delegates including International Experts and Policy Planner, Eminent Professors of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, Vice Chancellors and Directors of ICAR, DBT, Member of Farming Community, Rural Entrepreneurs, Stakeholders, Bankers, Financial Institutions, Media Personnel and Students from Management Institutes and Schools.
The symposium was graced by H.E. Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Former President of India as a Chief Guest. Prof. Ranjit Roy Chaudhary (Advisor to the Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India), Prof. (Dr) Col. A. K. Gahlot (Vice Chancellor, RAJUVAS, Bikaner) and Shri Mansinhbhai Kalyanji Patel (SUMUL, Chairman) graced the occasion as Session Chairman and Guest of Honour. Other eminent speakers and Guest of Honour included Dr A. K. Srivastava (Director and Vice Chancellor-NDRI, Karnal), Dr V. P. Singh (Director, Crop and Research, All India Rice Exporters Association), Dr P. K. Aggarwal [Regional Program Leader (South Asia), CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), International Water Management Institute], Dr S. K. Malhotra (Horticulture Commissioner, Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture), Dr Amitav Bhattarcharya (Asst. Professor, Department of Poultry Science, Veterinary College, DUVASU, Mathura), Dr Qazi Mudasir Javeid (Veterinary Asst. Surgeon, Animal Husabandry J&K, Srinagar), Prof. R. K. Dhuria (Principal Scientist, Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, RAJUVAS, Bikaner), Mr Pritam Singh (Procurement Head, Kwality Dairy Ltd.), Shri Arun K. Bahl (Scientist and Veterinarian, North Carolina), Dr Endre Mocsari (Breeding Director, Chief Veterinarian at TOPIGS Anubia Kft.), Dr Ferenc Marton (Serbia) and Dr K. P. Zavia, SUMUL.
The initiative of Ayurvet to share knowledge and addressing modern research in the area of Integrated Approach of Livestock and Agriculture sustainably was in the line with commitments towards addressing the triple bottom line profits and inclusive growth. Besides, the symposium provided platform for scientists, nutritionists, agriculturist, feed industry professionals, students and farmers of Livestock and Agriculture sectors to share and deliberate these issues towards possible solutions.
Shri Pradip Burman, Chairman, Ayurvet, welcomed the dignitaries, guests and participants and presented a brief account of R & D preparedness of Ayurvet to face the future challenges. He was of the view that livestock are closely linked to the social and cultural lives of several million resource-poor farmers, for whom animal ownership ensures a degree of sustainable farming and economic stability.
Speaking at the occasion Hon’bl Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Former President of India, said, “Agriculture has a key role in reducing poverty since maximum people live in rural areas. The global objective of halving poverty levels by 2015 is unlikely to be reached at current levels of assistance to agriculture.” Asserting that the livestock development is directly proportional to national development through agriculture, Dr Kalam called for investment in livestock sector.
Dr Kalam further added that in spite of pressure on land, scarcity of pasture land, shortage of feed and fodder and lower yields, the country’s livestock sector is showing better promises than the agriculture sector. To boost livestock sector, Dr Kalam suggested additional physical and financial capital for introduction of new enterprises regarding livestock besides research and development in veterinary health.
addressing the audience, Prof. (Dr) A .K. Srivastava stated that since livestock are both contributor to and victim of climate change, the livestock development strategy in the changing climate scenario should essentially focus on minimization of potential production losses resulting from climate change, on one hand, and on the other, intense efforts for methane abatement from this sector.
Prof. (Dr) Col. A. K. Gahlot was of the opinion that climate change poses formidable challenge to the development of livestock sector in India. Climate change may have direct or indirect effects on livestock. The anticipated rise in temperature between 2.3 and 4.8°C over the entire country together with increased precipitation resulting from climate change is likely to aggravate the heat stress in dairy animals, adversely affecting their productive and reproductive performance, and hence reducing the total area where high yielding dairy cattle can be economically reared.
Dr V. P. Singh, Director (Crop and Research) and a renowned scientist, discussed the role of India in international market as the biggest exporter of fine quality basmati rice. North Indian states are major basmati growing area in the country.
The speakers expressed their concern on indiscriminate use of fertilisers, weedicides, insecticides, pesticides in agriculture, various types of antibiotics, growth hormones and chemicals as feed additives and supplements in rearing of livestock, poultry and aquaculture. Most of these additives appear as residues either in their original form or as metabolites in the foods such as cereals, pulses, vegetables, fruits, milk, meat, eggs, fish, etc. Many of these residues have very deleterious impact on human health and many chemicals had carcinogenic action. Therefore, many experts expressed that such residues could be perhaps responsible for such lifestyle diseases as diabetes, hypertension, cardiac attacks, and cancer. Similarly, the antibiotic residues in milk, meat and eggs were likely to create super-strong bugs that would be resistant to most wide spectrum antibiotics and this could be a very serious problem. We might find infectious diseases that would become almost incurable because none of the drugs would be able to destroy the bacteria responsible for the disease.
The issue is whether the use of such chemicals and supplements should be completely banned. There was unanimous opinion that while the use of such additives and growth promoters might be necessary, it was important to define the conditions, timing and dosage of these chemicals and supplements. It was also necessary to use only those products that would not leave any harmful residues after their absorption and metabolism. Therefore, it was a common recommendation that there was an increasing need to make the farmers aware of the circumstances, timing and dosage as well as the careful and discriminate use of all these products.
AIREA (All India Rice Exporters Association) is focusing on the stable trade environment, high import tariff, global recognition and GI certificate for Indian basmati rice and its trade. AIREA has achieved import tolerance of Cyclazole @ 3 ppm in USA, improvement in import-export policies, resolution of state issues, training programmes, and international food, trade shows in China, France and Dubai, and communication with embassies regarding rice trade. Policy issues handled by AIREA are EIC health certificate, lowered price, Interaction with Agriculture ministry regarding 20 notified varieties, Removal of MEP for rice, Reduction and removal of State levies and other taxes and Interacted with DGFT to stop export of Basmati paddy in husk.
Mrs Shailja Chandra, I.A.S. (Retd), Director, Ayurvet, said while agricultural scientists and animal husbandry experts do foresee and counsel on mitigating the effect of climate change, much more is needed for their advice to become integral to policy.
Mr M. J. Saxena, Managing Director, Ayurvet, was of the opinion that in our country feed shortage, especially the shortage of quality feeds is a serious problem. For increasing the supply of green herbage, the strategies needed are: conservation of degraded pasturelands and development of wastelands. Feeding strategies for ruminants in tropics should also include environmental protection, through reduced methane emission, apart from increasing the productivity of ruminant stock.”
A poultry expert Dr S. K. Khanna (Poultry Consultant, Retd Poultry Development Officer, Govt. of Haryana), recommended adoption of alternate methods to control the diseases in poultry like phytobiotics, probiotics, herbal drugs and home-made remedies instead using antibiotics. Natural feed ingredients as supplement can be used to control many problems in poultry with better safety and lesser cost. Use of hormone in poultry for improved growth can be a risky affair concerning human health. Any residual hormone in egg and meat may affect human physiology which is highly undesirable and must be avoided.
Dr Ferenc Marton from Serbia told about key challenges in Serbia to sustainable agriculture practices are involving overuse of chemicals/pesticide/antibiotic which in turn exerting deleterious impact on environment. Uses of Ayurvet herbal products namely Superliv, Stressroak, Janova, Mastilep, Diaroak, Ruchamax, and many more by Serbian farmers as proven to be safe, cost effective, easy to apply and environment friendly. No residual effect of Ayurvet product to the environment as observed by chemicals/pesticide/insecticide.
Dr Endre Mocsári delivered his presentation in Ayurvet Knowledge symposium and said that Topigs Norsvin is world’s most innovative swine genetic company having a strong global presence in the key international markets. The company focuses on continuous product improvement for genetic progress, developing new breeding techniques and to achieve significant added value with reduced cost and supporting the environment protection and food safety.
Dr Arun K. Bahl, a veterinarian and consultant, elaborated the use and safety issues of GM crops. They may possess carcinogenic properties, immunosuppressant and cause infertility in mammals including humans. A broad spectrum herbicide glyphosate although having good herbicidal property is highly health threatening due to its multiple toxic effects. Harmful effects of GM crops include autism, allergy, and dementia in children. Industries claims GM Bt crops are safe and inactive in mammals. But in reality has properties of allergen that cause itching, eruptions, and discoloration. Healthy eating starts with no GMO. Scientists appeal people and agencies to stop cultivation and use of GM crops and supplements.
Dr Qazi Mudasir (AHD, Srinagar), Senior Veterinary Officer, Srinagar, focused on use of Herbal drugs and gave a presentation about the safety, benefits and merits of using herbal products as a clinical veterinary practitioner. Ayurvet herbal products possess a unique prophylactic and therapeutic potential and can be recommended either alone or in combination with other drugs as depending upon disease condition. He himself has experience of using various Ayurvet products viz. Mastilep gel, Charmil Plus gel, Restobal Liquid, Yakrifit liquid and bolus, Uraksha liquid, Afanil emulsion, Diaroak dry suspension, Mastidip liquid. The products have been found to be highly efficacious, cost effective, safe for animal and safe to the environment. The products being natural are non-irritant, eco friendly and easy to use.
During his enlightening lecture, Dr Amitav Bhattacharyya, Asst. Professor, Department of Poultry Science, DUVASU, apprised about the role of phytobiotics in the poultry sector as a better alternative to antibiotic growth promoters. Antibiotic growth promoters are getting banned from most of the developed countries since antibiotic resistance and antibiotic residues are two alarming risks associated along with use of antibiotics. On the other hand phytobiotics are not only immune-modulatory, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antihelmintic but also safe, economic and natural products obtained through the traditional knowledge and modern research. They tend to enhance nutrient utilization, liver function, livability, growth rate and egg production. Liver tonics are helpful to neonatal chicks during critical phase of their early life which is comprised of metabolic and physiological changes. Various Ayurvet phytobiotic products like Superliv, Xlivpro, and AV/SSL/12 by clinical trials and laboratory studies have proven to increase daily weight gain, better FCR, helps in achieving enhanced and specific adaptive immune response.
Dr Shivi Maini, Deputy Manager, Clinical Research & Development, Ayurvet Ltd., focused on global warming, effect of green house gases and cope up strategies. She also emphasized on profitable animal farming using herbal products and their role in climate change. Agriculture yield has been decreased due to climate change caused by global warming and resulted into serious aftermaths. Livestock is one of the prominent contributors to emission of green house gases like methane, nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, and ammonia. A number of International organizations like UN, FAO have also addressed the issue with utmost priority.
Ayurvet plays a key role by offering novel green house gases mitigation strategies by manipulating rumen functions in cattle & by offering a range of feed additive supplements for poultry and swine namely Ruchamax, Optirum, Superliv concentrate premix, Methiorep premix, Diaroak, Salcochek, Keetguard Liquid, AV/AGP/10, and AV/LMP/10. These products have proven to reduce the rumen methane production and have a great impact on control of green house gases. These products besides having their proven specific recommendations and indications have additional benefit to partially mitigate emissions from livestock, are environment friendly and can be a major player in reducing the green house effect making this planet a better place to live.
Mr Rajendra Singh, Rural Milk Procurement Head, Kwality Dairy, said, “Significant proportion of dairy calves suffer from failure of passive transfer of antibodies from colostrums contributing to excessively high pre weaning mortality rates and other short-and long-term losses associated with animal health, welfare and productivity.”
During the technical session on Mitigation of Green House Gases and Profitable Animal Farming the speakers underlined that with the largest livestock strength, it was very important to control the emission of greenhouse gases that would damage the stratosphere and may cause such changes to climate that may harm the humanity and food production. Therefore the animal farming must be made profitable with such practices that would reduce the emission of methane. A common conclusion was that there was need to integrate agriculture and livestock farming as well as promote use of herbs and herbal combinations for profitable livestock farming as well as in mitigation of greenhouse gases.
The second session was entitled as farmer’s session focused on the major breakthrough of the unsung farmers. The session was conducted by Dr R. S. Khanna, Director, Kwality Dairy and was chaired by Shri Mansinhbhai Kalyanji Patel, Chairman, SUMUL. In this session farmers from different parts of the country, Scientists, representatives of industry shared their experience. During the session farmers exchanged their views about their respective success and their hopes for better tomorrow.
An in-house production film on journey, major scientific breakthrough and theme of Ayurvet entitled, Bhagya Vidhata Part-III was also screened on this occasion, which was appreciated by all.
The efforts of Ayurvet were appreciated by all the eminent guests. The evening event marked the release of the 22nd Annual Report and 5th Sustainability Report followed by musical concert. Shri Pradip Burman, Chairman, Ayurvet Limited appreciated the work of Ayurvet team members and thanked all the stakeholders without whose support the company could not have achieved the new landmark.
Integrating Agriculture and Livestock for Sustainability Hazards of Drugs and Chemical Residues on Food Safety
Thursday, 9th October 2014
Integrating Agriculture and Livestock for Sustainability; Challenges of Climate Change